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Neurodiversity and the Trucking Industry: Why Autistic Individuals May Thrive as Long-Haul Truck Drivers

  • Career Advice from Certified ADHD Coach Hannah Chu
  • Published on April 30

The trucking industry faces a significant challenge in 2024—a critical shortage of drivers. Despite the appealing starting salaries and benefits, companies struggle to fill positions. However, an often-overlooked segment of the population could provide a solution: neurodiverse individuals, particularly those on the autism spectrum. This post explores the role of long-haul truck driving, the training and licensing process, and how the unique characteristics of neurodiverse individuals can make them excellent candidates for these roles.

The Job of a Long-Haul Truck Driver

Long-haul truck driving involves transporting goods over vast distances, often spanning several states or cross-country. The job requires spending extended periods on the road, typically weeks at a time. It demands a high level of responsibility and independence. Drivers must manage their schedules, ensure timely deliveries, and maintain their trucks. The role also requires a solid adherence to safety regulations and the ability to handle solitude, as most of the work is done alone.

Training and Licensing: Obtaining a Commercial Driver's License (CDL)

To become a long-haul truck driver, one must obtain a Commercial Driver's License (CDL). The process begins with attending a truck driving school, providing classroom and hands-on driving experience. Training programs, which can last a few weeks to several months, cover various topics, including driving techniques, safety regulations, and essential vehicle maintenance.

After training, candidates must pass the CDL exam, including written and driving skills tests. The driving test assesses the candidate's ability to handle a large truck in various conditions and scenarios. It's crucial for drivers to not only know how to operate their vehicles but also understand the laws and best practices of truck driving.

The Case for Neurodiverse Individuals in Trucking

Individuals who are neurodiverse, especially those on the autism spectrum, possess traits that can be highly beneficial in the trucking industry. Here are a few reasons why:

1. Attention to Detail: Many autistic individuals exhibit heightened attention to detail. This trait can be advantageous in truck driving, where monitoring vehicle status, cargo details, and adherence to driving regulations are critical.

2. Strong Routine Adherence: Truck driving requires following specific procedures and schedules. Autistic individuals often thrive in structured environments with clear expectations and routines, making them potentially reliable and punctual drivers.

3. Focus and Concentration: Long-haul driving requires remaining focused for extended periods. Autistic individuals often can concentrate on a task for a long time without frequent breaks, which is ideal for long-distance routes.

4. Reduced Interest in Social Interaction: The solitary nature of long-haul trucking can be a good fit for those who prefer minimal social interaction. This aspect of the job can appeal to autistic individuals who find social engagement challenging.

Success Stories and Support Systems

There are already success stories of autistic individuals thriving as truck drivers, benefiting from the job's predictable and routine-oriented nature. Additionally, trucking companies and training schools can support neurodiverse employees by providing straightforward, structured training programs and understanding and accommodating their unique needs.


As the trucking industry seeks to overcome its driver shortage, embracing neurodiversity could be key. Autistic individuals offer skills and traits uniquely suited to the demands of long-haul truck driving. By fostering an inclusive environment and providing appropriate support, the trucking industry can tap into a wider talent pool, benefiting drivers and the industry.

By exploring this avenue, companies address a pressing economic need and contribute to a more inclusive and diverse workforce, creating opportunities for individuals who are often underrepresented in the labor market.

Find on-the-job training and entry-level truck driving jobs: